Repositório Institucional Cruzeiro do Sul Campus Liberdade Teses Doutorado em Odontologia
Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: https://repositorio.cruzeirodosul.edu.br/jspui/handle/123456789/287
Registro completo de metadados
Campo DCValorIdioma
dc.creatorSilva, José Alberto da-
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-24T18:47:22Z-
dc.date.available2020-
dc.date.available2020-01-24T18:47:22Z-
dc.date.issued2017-08-26-
dc.identifier.citationSILVA, J.A. Avaliação da dor através de parâmetros subjetivos e marcadores salivares em pacientes na etapa inicial do tratamento ortodôntico com braquetes convencionais e autoligados . 2017. 83 f. Tese (Doutorado em Odontologia) – Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, São Paulo, 2017.pt_BR
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.cruzeirodosul.edu.br/handle/123456789/287-
dc.description.abstractOrthodontic treatment may be associated with unfavorable side effects such as discomfort and pain. One of the factors affecting tooth movement is the degree of friction between the arch and the bracket. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the concentrations of biological pain markers (Amylase, IgA and total Proteins) and salivary flow rate in patients treated with conventional and self-ligating brackets, as well as subjectively evaluating patients' pain After installation of the device through Visual Analogue Scale. Material and methods: 40 patients (17 male and 23 female) aged 8 to 16 years undergoing orthodontic treatment with conventional brackets (Group 1 n = 20) received twin brackets Kirium series 3M Abzil® (Ribeirão Preto, Brazil), and (Group 2 n = 20) received self-ligating brackets Portia 3M Abzil® (Ribeirão Preto, Brazil). The subjective analysis of pain and discomfort was performed using the visual analogue scale (VAS). The saliva samples were collected in the following four times: before the bonding of the brackets (T0), 24 h after (T1), 72 h after (T2) 1 week after (T3). Patients were instructed to complete VAS every day after appliance installation. A Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon test was performed at a significance level of 5%, the groups did not present statistical differences. Results: we observed increased salivary flow rate for groups 1 and 2, decreased protein concentration in groups 1 and 2, decreased salivary amylase in group 1 and a slight increase in group 2 concentration, as well as a decrease in IgA concentration for groups 1 and 2 Conclusion: The patients presented pain and discomfort of medium intensity in the first 24 hours, decreasing in the other days until presenting absence of pain; There were no significant changes in salivary biomarkers, denoting that orthodontic treatment does not alter salivary dynamics in the buccal environment; There was no difference in the type of bracket used.pt_BR
dc.languageporpt_BR
dc.publisherUniversidade Cruzeiro do Sulpt_BR
dc.rightsAcesso Abertopt_BR
dc.subjectAlfa-Amilasept_BR
dc.subjectImunoglobulina Apt_BR
dc.subjectBraquetespt_BR
dc.titleAvaliação da dor através de parâmetros subjetivos e marcadores salivares em pacientes durante tratamento ortodôntico com braquetes convencionais e autoligadospt_BR
dc.title.alternativeEvaluation of pain through subjective parameters and salivary markers in patients during orthodontic treatment with conventional and self-ligating bracketspt_BR
dc.typeTesept_BR
dc.creator.ID88606082449pt_BR
dc.creator.Latteshttp://lattes.cnpq.br/7962917051522118pt_BR
dc.contributor.advisor1Leite, Mariana Ferreira-
dc.contributor.advisor1ID26032566889pt_BR
dc.contributor.advisor1Latteshttp://lattes.cnpq.br/8296307781204070pt_BR
dc.contributor.referee1Leite, Mariana Ferreira-
dc.contributor.referee1ID26032566889pt_BR
dc.contributor.referee1Latteshttp://lattes.cnpq.br/8296307781204070pt_BR
dc.contributor.referee2Sant’anna, Giselle Rodrigues-
dc.contributor.referee3Frigo, Lúcio-
dc.contributor.referee3Latteshttp://lattes.cnpq.br/8191788652250529pt_BR
dc.contributor.referee4Amaral, Estela Pereira do-
dc.contributor.referee4Latteshttp://lattes.cnpq.br/5861068887672251pt_BR
dc.contributor.referee5Rocco, Marco Antonio-
dc.contributor.referee5Latteshttp://lattes.cnpq.br/5861068887672251pt_BR
dc.description.resumoO tratamento ortodôntico pode estar associado a efeitos secundários desfavoráveis como desconforto e dor. Um dos fatores que afetam a movimentação dentária é o grau de atrito que existe entre o arco e o braquete. OBJETIVO: O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar e comparar as concentrações de marcadores biológicos de dor (Amilase, IgA e Proteínas totais) e o fluxo salivar em pacientes tratados com braquetes convencional e autoligado, bem como avaliar de forma subjetiva a dor apresentada pelos pacientes após a instalação do aparelho através de Escala Visual Analógica. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: 40 pacientes (17homens e 23 mulheres) com idade entre 8 e 16 anos, submetidos ao tratamento ortodôntico com braquetes convencionais (Grupo 1 n=20) receberam braquetes twin da série Kirium 3M Abzil®, e (Grupo 2 n=20) receberam braquetes ortodônticos autoligados Portia da marca 3M Abzil® (Ribeirão Preto, Brasil). A análise subjetiva da dor e desconforto foi realizada pela aplicação da escala visual analógica (EVA). As amostras de saliva foram coletadas em quatro tempos a seguir: antes da colagem dos braquetes (T0), 24 h após (T1), 72h após (T2) 1 semana após (T3). Os pacientes foram orientados a preencher a EVA durante todos os dias após a instalação do aparelho. Foi realizado teste de Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon a um nível de significância de 5%, os grupos não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas RESULTADOS: observamos aumento do fluxo salivar para os grupos 1 e 2, diminuição da concentração de proteínas nos grupos 1 e 2, diminuição da amilase salivar no grupo 1 e ligeiro aumento na concentração do grupo 2, bem como diminuição da concentração de IgA para os grupos 1 e 2.. Conclusão: Os pacientes apresentaram dor e desconforto de média intensidade nas primeiras 24 horas, diminuindo drasticamente nos demais dias até apresentar ausência de dor; não houve mudanças significantes nos biomarcadores salivares, denotando que o tratamento ortodôntico não altera a dinâmica salivar no meio bucal; não houve diferença quanto ao tipo de braquete utilizado.pt_BR
dc.publisher.countryBrasilpt_BR
dc.publisher.departmentCampus Liberdadept_BR
dc.publisher.programDoutorado em Odontologiapt_BR
dc.publisher.initialsCruzeiro do Sulpt_BR
dc.subject.cnpqCNPQ::CIENCIAS DA SAUDE::ODONTOLOGIApt_BR
dc.relation.referencesABTAHI S.M, et al. Effect of low-level laser therapy on dental pain induced by separator force in orthodontic treatment. Dent Res J (Isfahan). V.10, n.5, p. 647–651Sep-Oct,2013. AHMADI-MOTAMAYEL, F. et al. The relationship between the level of salivary alpha amylase activity and pain severity in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Restor Dent Endod., v.38, n.3, p.141-145, Aug. 2013. AMERONGEN, AV; VEERMAN, E.C. Saliva the defender of the oral cavity. Oral Dis., v.8, n.1, p.12-22, 2002. ANAND, M. et al. Retrospective investigation of the effects and efficiency of self-ligating and conventional brackets. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop., v.148, n.1, p.67-75, Jul. 2015. ARAB S., et al. Effect of fixed orthodontic treatment on salivary flow, pH and microbial Count. J Dent (Tehran)., v.13, n.1, p.18-22, Jan.2016. ARAI, YC. et al. Small correlation between salivary α-amylase activity and pain intensity in patients with cancer. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, v.53, n.3, p.408, 2009. BAUM, A; GRUNBERG, N. Measurement of stress hormones. In: COHEN, S.; KESSLER, R.C.; UNDERWOOD, I.G (eds.). Measuring stress: a guide for health and social scientists. New York: Oxford University Press, p.193-212, 1995. BAUM, A.; GRUNBERG, N. Measurement of stress hormones. In: COHEN, S; KESSLER, R.C.; GORDON, L.U. Measuring stress: a guide for health and social scientists. New York: Oxford University Press, p.175-92, 1997. BENNICK, A. Salivary proline-rich proteins. Mol Cell Biochem., v.45, p.83-99, 1982. BERGER J; BYLOFF, F.K. The clinical efficiency of self-ligated brackets. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics., v.35, p.304–308, 2001. BERGER, J.L. The influence of the speed bracket’s self-ligating design on force levels in tooth movement: a comparative in vitro study. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop., v.97, p.219–228, 1990. BERTL, M.H.; ONODERA, K.; ČELAR, A.G.A prospective randomized split-mouth study on pain experience during chairside archwire manipulation in self-ligating and conventional brackets. Angle Orthod, v.83, n.22, p.292-297, mar. 2013. BOERSMA, J.G. et al. Caries prevalence measured with QLF after treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances: influencing factors. Caries res., v.39, n.1, p. 41– 7, December 2004. BOSCH, J.A. et al. α-amylase as a reliable and convenient measure of sympathetic activity: don’t start salivating just yet! Psychoneuroendocrinology, v.36, n.4, p.449-53, May. 2011. BROWN, C.C. The parotid puzzle: a review of the literature on human salivation and its applications to psychophysiology. Psychophysiology, v.7, n.1, p. 65-85, Jul. 1970. BURKE, J.C. et al. Mednieks MI. Expression of secretory proteins in oral fluid after orthodontic tooth movement. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop., v.121, n.3, p.310-315, Mar. 2002. BURSTONE, C.J. Rationale of the segmented arch. Am J Orthod., v.48, p.805-822, nov. 1962. CASTAGNOLA, M. et al. Potential applications of human saliva as diagnostic fluid. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital., v.31, n.6, p.347-357, Dec. 2011. CACCIAFESTA, V. et al. Evaluation of friction of stainless steel and esthetic self-ligating brackets in various bracket-archwire combinations. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop., v.124, n.4, p. 395-402, Oct. 2003. CAMPOS, M. J. et al. Salivary α-amylase activity: a possible indicator of pain-induced stress in orthodontic patients. Pain Med., v.12, p.1162–1166, 2011. CARDOSO, A.A. et al. Influence of salivary parameters in the caries development in orthodontic patients-an observational clinical study. Int J Paediatr Dent.n.1 Mar. 2017. CHANG, H.S.; WALSH, L.J.; FREER, T.J. Enamel demineralization during orthodontic treatment. Aetiology and prevention. Aust Dent J., v.42, n.5, p.322– 7, October 1997. CHATTERTON, R.T. et al. Salivary α-amylase as a measure of endogenous adrenergic activity. Clin Physiol., v.16, p.433–448, 1996. CLOW, A. et al. An investigation into asymmetrical cortical regulation of salivary S-IgA in conscious man using transcranial magnetic stimulation. Int J Psychophysiol., v.47, n.1, p.57-64, Jan. 2003. CHANG, H.S.; WALSH, L.J.; FREER, T.J. The effect of orthodontic treatment on salivary flow, pH, buffer capacity, and levels of mutans streptococci and lactobacilli. Aust Orthod J., v.15, p.229–234, 1999. COREGA, C. et al. Salivary calcium levels during orthodontic treatment. Minerva Stomatol., n.14, jan. 2014. DANAEI, S.M.; SALEHI, P. Association between normative and self-perceived orthodontic treatment need among 12- to 15-year-old students in shiraz, Iran. Eur J Orthod., v.32, n.5, p.530-534, 2010. DAWES, C. Circadian rhythms in human salivary flow rate and composition. J Physiol., v.220, n.3, p.529-545, Feb. 1972. DAWES, C. Physiological factors affecting salivary flow rate, oral sugar clearance, and the sensation of dry mouth in man. J Dent Res. Spec n.66, p. 648-653, Feb. 1987. DAWES, C. Fatores que influem na velocidade do fluxo e na composição da saliva. In: EDGAR, M; DAWES, C.; O’MULLANE, D. Saliva e saúde bucal: composição, funções e efeitos protetores. Tradução de Nilson D. Martello. 3a. ed. São Paulo:Santos, p. 32-49, 2010. DOMINGUEZ, A.; VELÁSQUEZ, A.S. Effect of Low-Level Laser Therapy on Pain Following Activation of Orthodontic Final Archwires: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Photomedicine and Laser Surgery., v. 31, n.1, p.36-40, 2013. EDGAR, W.M. Saliva: its secretion, composition and functions. British Dental Journal., v.172, n.9, p.305-312, Apr 1992. ERDINC, A.M.; DINCER, B. Perception of pain during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Eur J Orthod., v.26, p.79–85, 2004. FABIÁN, T.K.; FEJÉRDY, P.; CSERMELY, P. Salivary genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics: The emerging concept of the oral ecosystem and their use in the early diagnosis of cancer and other diseases. Curr. Genomics., v.9, p.11–21, 2008. FABIÁN, T.K.; FEJÉRDY, P.; CSERMELY, P. Saliva in Health and Disease (Chemical Biology of). In Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology, 1st ed, Ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, USA, p. 1–9, 2008. FABIÁN, T.K.; HERMAN, P.; BECK, A. Fejérdy P,Gábor Fábián. Salivary Defense Proteins: Their Network and Role in Innate and Acquired Oral Immunity. Int J Mol Sci., v.13, n.4, p.4295–4320, 2012. FERNANDES, L.M.; OGAARD, B; SKOGLUND, L. Pain and discomfort experienced after placement of a conventional or a superelastic NiTi aligning archwire A randomized clinical trial. J Orofac Orthop/Fortschr, Kieferorthop, v.59, n.6, p.331-339, 1998. FIGUEIREDO, R.R.; AZEVEDO, A.A.; OLIVEIRA, P.M. Análise da correlação entre a escala visual analógica e o tinnitus-handicap na avaliação de pacientes com zumbido. Rev Bras Otorrinolaringologia. v.75, n.1, p. 76-79, jan/fev 2009. FIRESTONE, A.R.; SCHEURER, P.A.; BÜRGIN, W.B. Patients' anticipation of pain and pain-related side effects, and their perception of pain as a result of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Eur J Orthod., v.21, n.2, p.387-396, Aug. 1999. FLEISCHMANN, L.A. et al. Estudo comparativo de seis tipos de braquetes ortodônticos quanto à força de adesão. Dental Press Ortodon Ortop Facial, Maringá, v.13, n.4, p.107-116, Jul-Aug. 2008. FLEMING, P.S. et. al. Pain experience during initial alignment with a self-ligating and a conventional fixed orthodontic appliance system, a randomized controlled clinical trial. Angle Orthod. p.46-50, Jan;79(1), 2009. FORSBERG, C.M.; BRATTSTRÖM, V.; MALMBERG, E.; NORD, C.E. Ligature wires and elastomeric rings: two methods of ligation, and their association with microbial colonization of streptococcus mutans and lactobacilli. Eur J Orthod., v.5, n.13, p.416-420, Oct.1991. FOSTER T.D.; DAY A.J. A survey of malocclusion and the need for orthodontic treatment in a Shropshire school population. Br J Orthod. v.1, n.3, p. 73-78 Apr,1974. FUJIYAMA, K. et al. Analysis of pain level in cases treated with invisalign aligner: comparison with fixed edgewise appliance therapy. Prog Orthod., v.22, p. 15-64, nov.2014. GRABER, T. M.; VANARSDALL Jr., R.L. Ortodontia: princípios e técnicas atuais. 3. Ed. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Guanabara Koogan. 2002. 936 p. HARGREAVES, KM. Orofacial pain. Pain., v.152, p.25-32, Mar. 2011. HEMREND, B.; ALTUNA, G.; TOMPSON, B. Orthodontics. Canadian Family Physician., v.35, p.933-944, 1989. HENAO, S.P.; KUSY, R.P. Evaluation of the frictional resistance of conventional and self-ligating bracket designs using standardized archwires and dental typodonts. Angle Orthodontist., v.74, p.202–211, 2004. HENAO, S.P.; KUSY, R.P. Frictional evaluations of dental typodont models using four self-ligating designs and a conventional design. Angle Orthod., v.75, p.75–85, 2005. HUMPHREY, S.P.; WILLIAMSON, R.T. A review of saliva: normal composition, flow, and function. J Prosthet Dent., v.85, n.2, p.162-169, Feb. 2001. HUSKISSON, E.C. Measurement of pain. Lancet., v.9, n.2, p.127-131, Nov.1974. IMURA, H. et al. Characteristic changes of saliva and taste in burning mouth syndrome patients. J Oral Pathol Med., v.45, n.3, p.231-236, Mar.2016. IRELAND, A.J.; SHERRIFF, M.; MCDONALD, F. Effect of bracket and wire composition on frictional forces. European Journal of Orthodontics., v.13, p.322–328,1991. JENSEN, M.P.; KAROLY, P.; BRAVER, S. The measurement of clinical pain intensity: a comparison of six methods. Pain., v.27, n.1, p.117-126, Oct.1996. JONES, M.; CHAN, C. The pain and discomfort experienced during orthodontic treatment: a randomized controlled clinical trial of two initial aligning arch wires. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop., v.102, n.4, p.373–381, 1992. KANAYA, T. et al. The effect of orthodontic appliances on levels of Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sobrinus and microbial flora in saliva. Int Congr Ser.1284 p.189–190, 2005. KHAMBAY, B.; MILLETT, D.; MCHUGH, S. Evaluation of methods of archwire ligation on frictional resistance. Eur J Orthod., v.26, p.327–332, 2004. KURAMAE, M. et al. Jarabak ’s cephalometric analysis of brazilian black patients. Braz Dent J., v.18, n.3, p. 258-262, 2007. KUROKI, H. et al. Identification of marker proteins by orthodontic treatment: relationship of RANKL in the gingival crevicular fluid and of amylase in whole saliva with orthodontic treatment. Odontology., v.102, p. 303–309, 2014. LEW, K.K. Attitudes and perceptions of adults towards orthodontic treatment in an asian community. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology., v. 21, p.31-35, 1993. LIM, H.M.; LEW, K.K.; TAY, D.K.L. A clinical investigation of the efficacy of low level laser therapy in reducing orthodontic post adjustment pain. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop., v.108, n.6, p.614-622, 1995. MARET, D. et al. Effect of fixed orthodontic appliances on salivary microbial parameters at 6 months: a controlled observational study. J Appl Oral Sci., v. 22, p. 38–43, 2014. MINISTÉRIO DA SAÚDE. Pesquisa nacional de saúde bucal- resultados principais. Brasília: departamento de atenção básica, secretaria de atenção básica, 2011. NASCIMENTO, S.; FRAZÃO, P.; BOUSQUAT, A.; ANTUNES, J.L.F. Condições dentárias entre adultos brasileiros de 1986 a 2010. Rev Saúde Pública v.47, n.3, p.69-77,2013. NATER, U.M. et al. Human salivary alpha- amylase reactivity in a psychosocial stress paradigm. Int J Psychophysiol., v.55, n.3, p.333-42, mar. 2005. NATER, U.M. et al. Stress-induced changes in human salivary alpha-amylase activity - associations with adrenergic activity. Psychoneuroendocrinology., v.31, n.1, p.49-58, jan.2006. NATER, U.M.; ROHLEDER, N. Salivary alpha-amylase as a non-invasive biomarker for the sympathetic nervous system: Current state of research. Psychoneuroendocrinology., v.34, n.4, p.486-96, May. 2009. NAUNTOFLE, B.; TENOVUO, J.O.; LAGERLÖF, F. Secreção e composição da saliva. In: FEJERSKOV, O.; KIDD, E. Cárie Dentária: a doença e seu tratamento clínico. São Paulo:Santos, p. 7-27, 2005. NGAN, P.; KESS, B.; WILSON, S. Perception of discomfort by patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop., v.96, n.1, p.47-53,1989. NGAN, P. et al. The effect of ibuprofen on the level of discomfort in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics., v.106, p.88-95, 1994. OH, K.T. et al. A stainless-steel bracket for orthodontic application. Eur J Orthod., v.27, n.3, p.237-244, jun.2005. OLIVER, R.G.; KNAPMAN, Y.M. Attitudes to orthodontic treatment. Br J Orthod. v. 12, n.4, p.179-188, out.1985. ORGANIZAÇÃO MUNDIAL DE SAÚDE. Levantamento epidemiológico básico de saúde bucal manual de instruções. 3ª ed. São Paulo: Santos, 1991. PEROS, K. et al. Salivary microbial and nonmicrobial parameters in children with fixed orthodontic appliances. Angle Orthod., v. 81, p. 901–906, 2011. PEDERSEN, A.M.; ANDERSEN, T.L.; REIBEL, J.; HOLMSTRUP, P.; NAUNTOFTE, B. Oral findings in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome and oral lichen planus - a preliminary study on the effects of bovine colostrum-containing oral hygiene products. Clin Oral Investig., v.6, n.1, p.11-20, mar.2002. POLAT, Ö.; KARAMAN, A.L. Pain control during fixed orthodontic appliance therapy. Angle Orthod., v.75, p.214–219, 2005. PRINGLE, A.M. et al. Prospective randomized clinical trial to compare pain levels associated with 2 orthodontic fixed bracket systems. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop., v.136, n.2, p.160-167, Aug.2009. RAKOSI, T; GRABER, T.M. Textbook of orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic treatment. Tis. p.1-18, 2009. READ- WARD, G.E.; JONES, S.P.; DAVIES, E.H. A comparison of self-ligating and conventional orthodontic bracket systems. British Journal of Orthodontics., v.24, p.309–317, 1997. ROBLES, T.F. et al. Utility of a salivary biosensor for objective assessment of surgery-related stress. J Oral Maxillofac Surg., v.70, n.10, p.2256-63, Oct.2012. SADI, H.; FINKELMAN, M.; ROSENBERG, M. Salivary cortisol, salivary α amylase, and the dental anxiety scale. Anesth Prog., v.60, n.2, p.46-53, Summer 2013. SCHEURER, P.A.; FIRESTONE, A.R.; BRGIN, W.B. Perception of pain as a result of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. European Journal of Orthodontics., v.18, p.349–357, 1996. SCHIPPER, R.G.; SILLETTI, E.; VINGERHOEDS, M.H. Saliva as research material: biochemical, physicochemical and practical aspects. Arch Oral Biol., v.52, n.12, p.1114-35, Dec. 2007. SCOTT, P. et al. Perception of discomfort during initial orthodontic tooth alignment using a self-ligating or conventional bracket system: a randomized clinical trial. European Journal of Orthodontics., v.30, p.227–232, 2008. SHAW, W.C.; MEEK, S.C.; JONES, D.S. Nicknames, teasing, harassment and the salience of dental features among school children. Br J Orthod.,v.7, n.2, p.75-80, Apr.1980. SHENOY, N. et al. The pain management in orthodontics. J Clin Diagn Res. v.7, n.6, p.1258-60, 2013. SHIRASAKI, S. et al. Correlation between salivary alpha-amylase activity and pain scale in patients with chronic pain. Reg Anesth Pain Med., v.32, n.2, p.120-123, Mar-Apr.2007. SHIVAPUJA, P.; BERGER, J.A. A comparative study of conventional ligation and self-ligation bracket systems. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics., v.106, p.472–480, 1994. SIMÕES, A. et al. Effect of defocused infrared diode laser on salivary flow rate and some salivary parameters of rats. Clin Oral Investig., v.12, n.1, p. 25-30, mar. 2008. SIMS, A.P.; WATERS, N.E.; BIRNIE, D.J.; PETHYBRIDGE, R.J. A comparison of the forces required to produce tooth movement in vitro using two self-ligating brackets and a pre-adjusted bracket employing two types of ligations. Eur J Orthod., v.15, n.5, p.377-85, Oct. 1993. SIMS, A.P.; WATERS, N.E.; BIRNIE, D.J. A comparison of the forces required to produce tooth movement ex vivo through three types of pre-adjusted brackets when subjected to determined tip or torque values. Br J Orthod., v.21, n.4, p.367-373, nov.1994. SOBAS, E.M. et al. Reliability of Potential Pain Biomarkers in the Saliva of Healthy Subjects: Inter-Individual Differences and Intersession Variability. PLoS One., v.11, n.12, Dec. 2016. SREEBNY, L.M. Saliva in health and disease: an appraisal and update. Int Dent J., v.50, n.3, p.140-61 jun. 2000. STOLZENBERG, J. The efficiency of the russell attachment. Am J Orthod Oral Surg., v.32, p.572-82, 1946. STONER, M.M. Force control in clinical practice. Am J Orthod., v.46, p.163-86, 1960. TALIC, N.F. Adverse effects of orthodontic treatment: a clinical perspective. Saudi Dent J., v.23, n.2, p.55-59, Apr.2011. TAYLOR, N.G.; ISON, K. Frictional resistance between orthodontic brackets and archwires in the buccal segments. Angle Orthodontist., v.66, p.215–222, 1996. TECCO, S. et al. Prevalence and type of pain during conventional and self-ligating orthodontic treatment. European Journal of Orthodontics., v.31, p. 380–384, 2009. TEIXEIRA, H.S. et al. Calcium, amylase, glucose, total protein concentrations, flow rate, pH and buffering capacity of saliva in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Dental Press J Orthod., v.17, p. 157–161, 2012. TENOVUO, J. et al. Release of cariostatic agents from a new buffering fluoride- and xylitol-containing lozenge to human whole saliva in vivo. J Oral Rehabil., v.24, n.5, p. 325-31, May.1997. THILANDER, B. et al. Prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need in children and adolescents in bogota, colombia. An epidemiological study related to different stages of dental development. Eur J Orthod., v.23, n.2, p.153-167, apr.2001. THOMAS, S.; SHERRIFF, M.; BIRNIE, D. A comparative in vitro study of the frictional characteristics of two types of self-ligating brackets and two types of pre-adjusted edgewise brackets tied with elastomeric ligatures. Eur J Orthod., v.20, n.5, p.589-596, Oct.1998. THORSTENSON, G.A.; KUSY, P.P. Resistance to sliding of self-ligating brackets versus conventional stainless-steel twin brackets with second-order angulation in the dry and wet (saliva) states. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics., v.120 p.361–370, 2001. TURHANI, D. et al. Pain relief by single low-level laser irradiation in orthodontic patients undergoing fixed appliance therapy. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop., v.130, n.3, p.371-377, 2006. VALDIMARSDOTTIR, H.B.; STONE, A.A. Psychosocial factors and secretory immunoglobulin A. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med., v.8, n.4, p.461-474, 1997. WATANABE, S.; DAWES, C. The effects of different foods and concentrations of citric acid on the flow rate of whole saliva in man. Archs Oral Bid., v.33, n.1, p.1-5, 1988. WHELTON, H. Introdução: anatomia e fisiologia das glândulas salivares. In: EDGAR, M; DAWES, C.; O’MULLANE, D.Saliva e saúde bucal: composição, funções e efeitos protetores. 3. ed. São Paulo: Santos, 2010, p.86-102. WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION & FÉDÉRATION DENTAIRE INTERNATIONALE. Health through oral health - guidelines for planning and monitoring for oral health care. London, Quintessence Publishing Co, 1989. YOUNESS, S.R. et al. Effect of Orthodontic Treatment on Salivary Immunoglobulin A Levels among a group of healthy Egyptian Children, Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences., v.4, n.4, p. 58-63, 2015.pt_BR
Aparece nas coleções:Doutorado em Odontologia

Arquivos associados a este item:
Arquivo Descrição TamanhoFormato 
JOSE ALBERTO DA SILVA.pdf1.43 MBAdobe PDFVisualizar/Abrir


Os itens no repositório estão protegidos por copyright, com todos os direitos reservados, salvo quando é indicado o contrário.